What are Hemorrhoids? : Types, Causes And Symptoms

Find out what are Hemorrhoids are a surprisingly searched by many people. In fact, the majority of people will suffer from hemorrhoids at least once in their life. Of course, most of these people will never even notice. This is because the symptoms of hemorrhoids can be anything from mildly inconvenient all the way through to offering excruciating pain. On this page, we are going to take a little look at what hemorrhoids actually are and, perhaps most importantly, what causes them.

What are Hemorrhoids and the various types of Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are nothing more than swollen blood vessels around the rectum. It is the Hemorrhoidal veins which become inflamed. These are located near the entrance to the anus. Hemorrhoids can come in one of two different ‘forms’:

What are Hemorrhoid Types

  • Internal hemorrhoids: this occurs when the Hemorrhoidal veins are swollen inside of the rectum. They cause a severe amount of pain as you pass a stool and, in some cases, cause a light amount of bleeding. You can’t see internal hemorrhoids.
  • External hemorrhoids: normally external hemorrhoids begin as ‘internal’ ones. External means that the veins have become so swollen that there is actually no space left for them inside of the rectum. They are pushed out. These are noticeable. In some cases, they will become pushed out as you pass a stool. You will easily be able to just ‘pop’ them back inside, although that is not really recommended in most cases. External hemorrhoids can cause a severe amount of pain and are a touch more difficult to treat.

These veins become irritated. This is what causes the inflammation. Various things can cause irritation of the Hemorrhoidal veins (we will discuss what those are in a short while). Normally, it will be hard stools rubbing against them or, for a variety of different reasons, huge amounts of pressure on those veins.

The longer you allow the condition to progress without treatment, the more swollen those veins will end up becoming, and the more pain you will end up in. This is why it is so important that you seek treatment for the condition sooner as opposed to later.

What causes Hemorrhoids?

So, what causes hemorrhoids? Well, at the moment we do not know the exact cause of hemorrhoids. There are a couple of reasons as to why they may occur (Read : Can Stress Cause Hemorrhoids?). However, some people who deal with these factors may never actually suffer from what are hemorrhoids.

It is likely that genetics has some role to play when it comes to hemorrhoids. For example, genetics may cause you to have slightly weaker veins which means that it is more likely that they will end up becoming inflamed:

Read : How Long Can Hemorrhoids Last?

  • It is believed that ‘weight’ is a major contributing factor to hemorrhoids. This is because those who are slightly overweight (maybe because they are dealing with obesity or pregnancy) are going to be putting a lot of pressure on the lower half of their body. This means that the hemorrhoids are more likely to become swollen.
  • Standing or sitting for long periods of time can also contributing towards hemorrhoids. Again, this is because you are going to be putting a lot of pressure on the lower reaches of your body. This is why those who work in offices are recommended to walk around every so often, even if it is for just five minutes. This can help you to keep the hemorrhoids at bay.
  • Straining whilst you pass a stool, perhaps due to constipation, can also lead to hemorrhoids. In fact, diarrhea (which involves no straining at all, obviously), can also lead to hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoid Caused Sitting

What are the symptoms of Hemorrhoids?

So, how do you know if you have hemorrhoids? Well, as I mentioned before, if you have internal hemorrhoids it is going to be slightly difficult for you to notice that there is anything ‘wrong’. In fact, many people suffer from internal hemorrhoids and will never even notice. This is because the condition will clear itself up. In some cases, you are going to want to be on the lookout for the following symptoms:

Hemorrhoids pain on anus

  • Pain and discomfort around the anus. This is probably one of the first signs that you are going to have. This will normally occur when you have passed a stool. However, it can also occur at various times throughout the day, particularly if you are suffering from severe hemorrhoids.
  • If you notice small amounts of skin coming out of the anus. This will be purple or blue in color (this shows that they are inflamed). Obviously, this is a sign that you have external hemorrhoids and something which will need to be treated sooner as opposed to later.
  • Bleeding from the anus. You may notice this in the toilet bowl, in your underwear, or if there is blood on the toilet paper following you wiping after passing a stool. In some cases, you may also notice a small amount of white mucus coming out of the anus.

Below the explanation about hemorrhoid in Youtube video

It is important to note that these symptoms may not necessarily mean that you have hemorrhoids. You should never try and treat hemorrhoids unless you know that you are dealing with. This is because there are far more serious conditions out there.

This is why you will need to head to a doctor if you are experiencing any of the symptoms highlighted previously, even if you are planning on using natural remedies. You just want to make sure that nothing more serious is happening ‘down there’.

Remember, hemorrhoids may be a difficult condition to deal with, but it is not a difficult condition to treat. If you believe that you are suffering from the condition (and have had this confirmed by the doctor) then you are going to want to get to work on dealing with the condition sooner as opposed to later.

The earlier you start to deal with the symptoms of what are hemorrhoids, the more chance you have of getting the symptoms under control and the less chance you have of being in severe amounts of pain.

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