Category Archives: Arthritis

Types Of Degenerative Joint Diseases On Body And These Will Be Felt

Why Degenerative Joint Diseases Pain

Degenerative joint disease is the condition where joint inflammation and inflammation of tissues surrounding the joints takes place, causing degeneration over the time period.

It results in cartilage tissue deterioration that supports the weight bearing joints of the body like spine, hips and knees.

When the cartilage is lost or thinned, the bones join together, causing stiffness and pain during joint movement.

An abnormal bone formation from the affected bone, or enlargement called bone spurs, can increase stiffness and pain.

Degenerative joint disease can affect any joint, but weight bearing joints are more susceptible due to excess wear and tear of these as compared to rest.

The disease affects 80% of individuals above 60 years of age. Out of the four major type of degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis and adult onset rheumatoid arthritis are the most common types.

Mild form of degenerative disease remains asymptomatic or show short phases of discomfort and joint stiffness.

On the other hand, severe degeneration causes hypertrophy and joint enlargement.

The bone together with hypertrophy can lead to nerve compression and deeper symptoms.

Osteophyte formation leads to joint deformity, joint lockage and reduced range of motion.

Major Types Of Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD)

Spine

It is also referred as facet disease or spinal osteoarthritis that deteriorates the spinal facet joints. Facet joints of spine are of sliding form that allows flexibility in adjacent vertebrae.

The encapsulated joints of spine have articulating surfaces that are lubricated with synovial fluid and covered with cartilage.

Joint disease wears out the cartilage and causes bursitis, such as joint instability, stiffness, deformation, inflammation and obstruction.

Neck

The pain of DJD on the neck is very common, because over the years wear and tear are affected by the vertebrae, cervical spine joints and intervertebral discs.

The disease weakens the articular cartilage of the facial joint due to the breakdown and dehydration of protein fibers and loos its water content.

Rubbing of adjacent bones cause inflammation and stimulate bone spurs or osteophyte development.

These bone spurs may compress the adjacent cervical nerves of the spine. The symptoms like tingling, weakness and throbbing may spread through arms, hands and shoulders.

In severe cases, the synovial capsule inflammation may further lead to joint deformity or additional inflammation making the situation worse.

Lumbar Spine

DJD usually appears on the lumbar or lumbar spine, because this area of the spine supports half the total body weight.

Constant life pressure in the lower back worsens the articular cartilage in the facet joint, causing stiffness, pain, inflammation and bone irritation.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the result of natural aging-related of joints, which can cause back or neck pain.

As one ages, the spinal support deteriorates, mainly in the lumbar spine and cervical segments of lower back and spine respectively.

When the cartilage is severely worn, causing severe rubbing and excessive pain causing bone to rub against the bone, a serious form of the disease occurs.

Eight Causes of Early Knee Arthritis To Swell and Flare Up

What Knee Arthritis Mean

Knee arthritis indicates breakdown of cartilage in one or both knees. The knee joint is generally affected by three forms of arthritis – osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or post-traumatic arthritis.

It is interesting to note that osteoarthritis is the most common type of knee arthritis.

The Symptoms of Knee Arthritis

Common symptoms knee arthritis include pain, stiffness and swelling in the affected joint. An individual may experience pain after walking, climbing or kneeling.

Further, severe pain and stiffness may be felt in the morning. An individual may find it difficult to perform day to day household activities as a result of this problem.

There are several causes of early knee arthritis.

Common Causes of Knee Arthritis

Injury

An individual may develop knee arthritis as a result of an injury. Injuries caused by accidents, sports activities and so on can damage the cartilage and affect the bone in the knee resulting in arthritis.

Obesity

It is important to note that excess weight can put extreme pressure on the knee joints. This pressure can result in cartilage breakdown and knee joint degradation.

Therefore, individuals suffering from the problem of obesity are at a higher risk of developing arthritis in the knee.

Age

Wear and tear of the knee joint over a period of time is considered as one of the most common causes of knee arthritis.

An individual may not experience the symptoms associated with knee arthritis at an early age.

It is essential to note that many years of pressure on the knees can cause damage to the cartilage and promote bone spur formation.

While preventive measures can be taken to avoid injuries and control weight, age is outside the control of an individual.

Heredity

Another cause which is outside the control of an individual is heredity. An individual is at a risk of developing arthritis in the knee if one or more of his/her family members are already affected by this problem.

Weak Leg Muscles

Weak leg muscles can damage cartilage and may result in the formation of bone spurs.

An individual may experience the symptoms associated with knee arthritis as a result of weak leg muscles.

Lack of exercise or physical activity can result in a loss of strength in the muscles surrounding the knee.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is known as an autoimmune disease. This problem can result from a viral infection or from abnormal levels of hormones.

Genetic is another factor which can cause this disease. It is essential to note that rheumatoid arthritis usually affects both knees as against osteoarthritis which affects only one knee.

Irregular Bone Shapes/Angles

It is important to note that abnormalities in the shapes/angles of the bones making a joint can put extreme stress on the knee joint.

This stress can damage the joint cartilage over a period of time and may result in knee arthritis.

Infection

The knee joint is frequently affected by bacterial infection. This condition is generally known as “Septic Arthritis” or Infectious Arthritis”.

This form of arthritis can also result in pain, stiffness and swelling in the knee. In some cases, flu-like symptoms are also observed in individuals affected by septic arthritis.

How To Treat Arthritis Early Of Knee Joint To Avoid Getting Worse By See The Symptoms

Although arthritis is commonly associated with old age, in some cases degeneration of the joint tissues may occur at a younger age. Early arthritis of knee joint usually occurs because of trauma to the knees. However, starting treatment at the early stage of arthritis helps to arrest destruction of the cartilages and tissues of the knee. Continue reading

Effective Treatments Of Arthritis In The Hands : From Natural To Medication

What Arthritis On Hand Affected Area?

Arthritis affects the various joints in the hand and the hand has many joints in the wrists as well as in the fingers.

Arthritis in the hands will affect one’s day to day activities if not treated in time using natural remedies which lessen the condition, or with the help of medications, some of which can also have side effects or surgery in extreme cases.

Whatever the treatment, it should be done properly and strictly, if not the hands may become useless in the future.

Treatment of Arthritis in the Hands

Natural Remedies

As it is the cartilage that is affected, that should be treated first. Tissue building minerals should be included in the daily diet to lessen the condition and make the bones stronger.

Eggs as well as dairy products included in the diet will show improvement in the affected person’s condition.

Raw juice from green leafy vegetables, carrot, celery, red beet will help melt the deposits around the joint which will make a lot of difference to arthritis.

Sesame seeds soaked in water overnight and taken on an empty stomach the next morning is another excellent remedy.

There are also some activities to ease the pain by doing exercises for arthritis in hand.

Use of Medicines

Damaged cartilage cannot be restored or joints cannot be reversed, but medications can prevent further damage of the cartilage as well as joints.

There are over the counter medications such as Tylenol and Advil that give relief to joint pain and inflammation around the joints in the hand.

There are prescription drugs also which give relief to the patient. But whatever the medication taken, one has to consult a doctor before taking it as some medicines are likely to have side effects when taken along with other medications.

When going in for prescription drugs the doctor should be informed about other regular medications to avoid other complications.

Taking Injections

If medications are found to have no effect one can go in for injections that are anesthetic in nature and steroids.

But it should not be continued for long as side effects like the weakening of tendons and ligament and lightening of skin can occur.

These injections are sometimes accompanied by splinting which helps support the joints when conducting daily activities. But it should not be worn for a long period of time.

Surgery

Surgery is the only option when non-surgical methods prove to be ineffective. But only a surgeon who is well qualified and experienced in surgery should be approached.

Surgery brings long term pain relief to the affected person, but this is done only if the joints can be conserved or reconstructed, that means, not much damage has occurred.

But in cases of extreme damage, a fusion or joint replacement is done. Joint fusion relieves pain; on the other hand, the joint will stop moving. Joint replacement provides both, pain relief as well as joint motion.

Ceramics or long wearing metal as well as plastic parts are used for replacement which increases the function as well as the longevity of the joint replaced.

But this surgery needs the expertise of an experienced and knowledgeable surgeon as a small mistake may end up in the non-functioning of the whole hand.

5 Causes Of Hand Arthritis And What It Feels Like

Who Most Suffer Arthritis On Hand?

Arthritis in hands is a common ailment often observed to cause severe pain and swelling.

hand arthritis causes

Each hand comprises of more than 25 bones, giving a lot of room for arthritis to thrive in the weak joints.

Hand arthritis is considered to be one of the most painful disabilities as it directly affects the ability to perform the daily chores.

It hinders everything that may involve a little strength of hands, such as holding a bottle tightly, opening the lids or turning around the keys.

In its early stages, this medical condition may be mild, but when it moves to its advanced stages, it begins to hurt manifolds.

This condition is likely to hit more men than women before they reach 45 years of age, however the story turns around after 45, and it begins to trouble more women than men, post 45 years of age.

Knowing the causes of arthritis of the hands helps to understand the reason of this painful condition.

What The Causes of Hand Arthritis

Wear and Tear

The wear and tear of the cartilage and ligaments is known to be one of the most common causes of Hand arthritis.

It leads to deep and severe pain, often deteriorating the basic formation of the hands.

As the bones begin to weaken by rubbing against each other, the joints tend to feel the brunt of the use and abuse and leads to the arthritis of the hands incapacitating you from performing your regular work.

There are some exercise for hand with arthritis to ease the pain that you can do everywhere.

Formation of Cysts

The formation of cysts, commonly caused due to different diseases also cause hand arthritis.

The cyst in your hand can damage the structure of your hands and may also lead to compress the joints of your hands.

This can cause severe pain and discomfort, especially if the cyst is formed on the finger tips.

Trauma

Irrespective of the age, any trauma or damage experienced in the hands can lead to hand arthritis.

The serious trauma or injury caused in the hands may affect the ligaments or the cartilage resulting in harming and deteriorating the formation of the bones in your hands, which may eventually lead to arthritis in the hands.

Heredity

Many times a person with a family history of arthritis is prone to experience arthritis in hands.

Initially, the symptoms may be mild and the disease may go unrecognized, but as the age starts to catch up, you may find the adverse effects of arthritis on your hands.

The hand arthritis most frequently occurs in the joints situated at the base of the thumb.

This is the place where the wrist meets the thumb. You may find bumps near the area affected due to arthritis.

You may also observe arthritis in the center of your finger and at the end of the finger that is the closest to the nail.

Bacteria and Virus

Bacteria and viruses are known to be one of the main causes of hand arthritis. It may arise due to any unhealed injury that may cause the bacteria or virus to spread through the blood.

It can lead to infection causing thickening of the membranes in the joints of the hands. In severe cases, the hands may lose their original shape and utility factor.

5 Symptoms Of Degenerative Joint Disease You Should Aware

Degenerative Joint Disease Meaning

Degenerative joint disease is also known as Osteoarthritis. It afflicts the joints and over a period of time increases in intensity and extent degrading the joints.

This is why it is called “Degenerative”. The cartilage that reduces the friction between the joint bones and aides in their movement while skidding on each other is affected in this condition.

Causes of Degenerative Joint Disease

The common causes include hereditary and genetic factors, hormonal imbalance, diabetes, obesity, infection and inflammation of the joint.

Treatment of this disease mainly include effective natural and medical management. Joint replacement is another surgical way of getting relief. In this segment we will discuss various symptoms of this medical condition.

Symptoms Of Degenerative Joint Disease

Pain And Tenderness

The first symptom of this condition is pain in the joint accompanied by considerable tenderness. The pain will usually occur in the joints of knees, hands, hips and legs.

Pain And Tenderness

Most of the people who are in initial stages of this debilitating condition report pain in hands and knees.

These joints also happen to be involved in lifting objects and bearing weight. The pain may not have any relation with the amount of rest. This means that being inactive will not help you in fighting with the pain.

Stiffness And Deformation

Stiffness in the joint will make the movement difficult. You may also feel creaking of joints while trying to move them.

Stiffness And Deformation

The stiffness is particularly high after a significant period of rest like in the morning after sleeping.

This is why most of the people suffering from this condition are advised to do some regular exercises under the supervision of a physiotherapist.

Over a period of time, you may also notice the twisting of joints and change in their shape which is referred to deformation.

Swelling And Weakness

Swelling is yet another common symptom of degenerative joint disease. Your joints will have a puffy and cushion like physical appearance in cases of swelling.

Swelling And Weakness

It may even appear to be having a slight reddish or purple tinge to it. The swelling and pain due to constant inflammation may also make the muscles that cover or are around the joint fairly weak.

This weakness may be experienced especially while lifting weights.

Reduced Functionality

Osteoarthritis has the effect of lose of functionality of the joints. This may not necessarily happen with all joints or even at the same time.

Reduced Functionality

Some joints may show accelerated joint degeneration whereas some may seem significantly better in movement and flexibility.

Simple tasks like walking, eating using your hands, handling light and simple objects like pen, spoon may also become pretty difficult over a period of time.

The degeneration and loss of functionality is more amongst people who have a sedentary lifestyle. Advanced stages of this disease can also make a person bedridden.

Fractures

Apart from painful joint, the extent of this condition is usually indicated when the person suffers from frequent and easily fracturing joints. Slight twist or even a forceful stamping of feet may lead to fracture in the joints.

>Fractures

In people suffering from obesity, cracking of bones in the lower extremities and hip region is pretty common.

These fractures have nothing to do with the age of a person and a patient suffering form this condition may suffer from easy fractures even of he or she is of young age.

4 Best Physical Therapy for Arthritis and Pain

Physical Therapy for Arthritis and Pain – Arthritis refers to joint inflammation that often accompanies pain and stiffness. It limits the motion of the affected area. Arthritis treatment may begin at home with different home based remedies or you may choose to go to a doctor who would prescribe some medicines to you for relief. Continue reading

7 Arthritis Herbal Treatment Home Remedies: Benefits and How To Use

Arthritis Herbal Treatment Home Remedies – So, many people do not prefer taking painkillers and other medicines (OTC for arthritis) for such long time and resort to safe herbal remedies to cure the joint pain. You can either buy herbal cures from the store or make them yourself. Herbal remedies are easy to make at home and you would be more satisfied because you’d know the exact ingredients added to make an herbal remedy. Continue reading