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Types Of Degenerative Joint Diseases On Body And These Will Be Felt

Why Degenerative Joint Diseases Pain

Degenerative joint disease is the condition where joint inflammation and inflammation of tissues surrounding the joints takes place, causing degeneration over the time period.

It results in cartilage tissue deterioration that supports the weight bearing joints of the body like spine, hips and knees.

When the cartilage is lost or thinned, the bones join together, causing stiffness and pain during joint movement.

An abnormal bone formation from the affected bone, or enlargement called bone spurs, can increase stiffness and pain.

Degenerative joint disease can affect any joint, but weight bearing joints are more susceptible due to excess wear and tear of these as compared to rest.

The disease affects 80% of individuals above 60 years of age. Out of the four major type of degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis and adult onset rheumatoid arthritis are the most common types.

Mild form of degenerative disease remains asymptomatic or show short phases of discomfort and joint stiffness.

On the other hand, severe degeneration causes hypertrophy and joint enlargement.

The bone together with hypertrophy can lead to nerve compression and deeper symptoms.

Osteophyte formation leads to joint deformity, joint lockage and reduced range of motion.

Major Types Of Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD)


It is also referred as facet disease or spinal osteoarthritis that deteriorates the spinal facet joints. Facet joints of spine are of sliding form that allows flexibility in adjacent vertebrae.

The encapsulated joints of spine have articulating surfaces that are lubricated with synovial fluid and covered with cartilage.

Joint disease wears out the cartilage and causes bursitis, such as joint instability, stiffness, deformation, inflammation and obstruction.


The pain of DJD on the neck is very common, because over the years wear and tear are affected by the vertebrae, cervical spine joints and intervertebral discs.

The disease weakens the articular cartilage of the facial joint due to the breakdown and dehydration of protein fibers and loos its water content.

Rubbing of adjacent bones cause inflammation and stimulate bone spurs or osteophyte development.

These bone spurs may compress the adjacent cervical nerves of the spine. The symptoms like tingling, weakness and throbbing may spread through arms, hands and shoulders.

In severe cases, the synovial capsule inflammation may further lead to joint deformity or additional inflammation making the situation worse.

Lumbar Spine

DJD usually appears on the lumbar or lumbar spine, because this area of the spine supports half the total body weight.

Constant life pressure in the lower back worsens the articular cartilage in the facet joint, causing stiffness, pain, inflammation and bone irritation.


Osteoarthritis is the result of natural aging-related of joints, which can cause back or neck pain.

As one ages, the spinal support deteriorates, mainly in the lumbar spine and cervical segments of lower back and spine respectively.

When the cartilage is severely worn, causing severe rubbing and excessive pain causing bone to rub against the bone, a serious form of the disease occurs.

5 Symptoms Of Degenerative Joint Disease You Should Aware

Degenerative Joint Disease Meaning

Degenerative joint disease is also known as Osteoarthritis. It afflicts the joints and over a period of time increases in intensity and extent degrading the joints.

This is why it is called “Degenerative”. The cartilage that reduces the friction between the joint bones and aides in their movement while skidding on each other is affected in this condition.

Causes of Degenerative Joint Disease

The common causes include hereditary and genetic factors, hormonal imbalance, diabetes, obesity, infection and inflammation of the joint.

Treatment of this disease mainly include effective natural and medical management. Joint replacement is another surgical way of getting relief. In this segment we will discuss various symptoms of this medical condition.

Symptoms Of Degenerative Joint Disease

Pain And Tenderness

The first symptom of this condition is pain in the joint accompanied by considerable tenderness. The pain will usually occur in the joints of knees, hands, hips and legs.

Pain And Tenderness

Most of the people who are in initial stages of this debilitating condition report pain in hands and knees.

These joints also happen to be involved in lifting objects and bearing weight. The pain may not have any relation with the amount of rest. This means that being inactive will not help you in fighting with the pain.

Stiffness And Deformation

Stiffness in the joint will make the movement difficult. You may also feel creaking of joints while trying to move them.

Stiffness And Deformation

The stiffness is particularly high after a significant period of rest like in the morning after sleeping.

This is why most of the people suffering from this condition are advised to do some regular exercises under the supervision of a physiotherapist.

Over a period of time, you may also notice the twisting of joints and change in their shape which is referred to deformation.

Swelling And Weakness

Swelling is yet another common symptom of degenerative joint disease. Your joints will have a puffy and cushion like physical appearance in cases of swelling.

Swelling And Weakness

It may even appear to be having a slight reddish or purple tinge to it. The swelling and pain due to constant inflammation may also make the muscles that cover or are around the joint fairly weak.

This weakness may be experienced especially while lifting weights.

Reduced Functionality

Osteoarthritis has the effect of lose of functionality of the joints. This may not necessarily happen with all joints or even at the same time.

Reduced Functionality

Some joints may show accelerated joint degeneration whereas some may seem significantly better in movement and flexibility.

Simple tasks like walking, eating using your hands, handling light and simple objects like pen, spoon may also become pretty difficult over a period of time.

The degeneration and loss of functionality is more amongst people who have a sedentary lifestyle. Advanced stages of this disease can also make a person bedridden.


Apart from painful joint, the extent of this condition is usually indicated when the person suffers from frequent and easily fracturing joints. Slight twist or even a forceful stamping of feet may lead to fracture in the joints.


In people suffering from obesity, cracking of bones in the lower extremities and hip region is pretty common.

These fractures have nothing to do with the age of a person and a patient suffering form this condition may suffer from easy fractures even of he or she is of young age.