Why Degenerative Joint Diseases Pain
Degenerative joint disease is the condition where joint inflammation and inflammation of tissues surrounding the joints takes place, causing degeneration over the time period.
It results in cartilage tissue deterioration that supports the weight bearing joints of the body like spine, hips and knees.
When the cartilage is lost or thinned, the bones join together, causing stiffness and pain during joint movement.
An abnormal bone formation from the affected bone, or enlargement called bone spurs, can increase stiffness and pain.
Degenerative joint disease can affect any joint, but weight bearing joints are more susceptible due to excess wear and tear of these as compared to rest.
The disease affects 80% of individuals above 60 years of age. Out of the four major type of degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis and adult onset rheumatoid arthritis are the most common types.
Mild form of degenerative disease remains asymptomatic or show short phases of discomfort and joint stiffness.
On the other hand, severe degeneration causes hypertrophy and joint enlargement.
The bone together with hypertrophy can lead to nerve compression and deeper symptoms.
Osteophyte formation leads to joint deformity, joint lockage and reduced range of motion.
Major Types Of Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD)
It is also referred as facet disease or spinal osteoarthritis that deteriorates the spinal facet joints. Facet joints of spine are of sliding form that allows flexibility in adjacent vertebrae.
The encapsulated joints of spine have articulating surfaces that are lubricated with synovial fluid and covered with cartilage.
Joint disease wears out the cartilage and causes bursitis, such as joint instability, stiffness, deformation, inflammation and obstruction.
The pain of DJD on the neck is very common, because over the years wear and tear are affected by the vertebrae, cervical spine joints and intervertebral discs.
The disease weakens the articular cartilage of the facial joint due to the breakdown and dehydration of protein fibers and loos its water content.
Rubbing of adjacent bones cause inflammation and stimulate bone spurs or osteophyte development.
These bone spurs may compress the adjacent cervical nerves of the spine. The symptoms like tingling, weakness and throbbing may spread through arms, hands and shoulders.
In severe cases, the synovial capsule inflammation may further lead to joint deformity or additional inflammation making the situation worse.
DJD usually appears on the lumbar or lumbar spine, because this area of the spine supports half the total body weight.
Constant life pressure in the lower back worsens the articular cartilage in the facet joint, causing stiffness, pain, inflammation and bone irritation.
Osteoarthritis is the result of natural aging-related of joints, which can cause back or neck pain.
As one ages, the spinal support deteriorates, mainly in the lumbar spine and cervical segments of lower back and spine respectively.
When the cartilage is severely worn, causing severe rubbing and excessive pain causing bone to rub against the bone, a serious form of the disease occurs.